An Integral Approach to Project Management
By B. McManus and R. Cacioppe
Projects provide managers with a practical means of adapting actions, culture, behavior, skills, systems and structure to bring opportunities into reality. Enhancing a project’s effectiveness and outcomes can create a competitive advantage for an organization. A project manager must adopt both management and leadership skills to ensure project success. The Integral Project Management and Leadership approach provides a framework to do this by integrating four key elements:
- The project lifecycle which creates urgency, focuses resources and identifies the level of effort required at the defining, planning, executing and delivering stages of a project
- An integral perspective which includes four quadrants or perspectives of reality. including personal, cultural, behavior and skills and systems all of equal importance to successful leadership and management of a project.
- The five levels of Integral project management provide a clear way of evaluating the project in terms how well the integral four quadrants are being implemented.
- Eight elements and three catalysts required for successful implementation of a project. If one or more elements or catalysts are missing then the likelihood of achieving successful project is reduced.